GCL TechTalk シリーズ
2014/07/24 Global Design Seminar: Text Normalization for Text-to-Speech Synthesis
日時：2014年7月24日(木) 16:40-18:10 (開場 16:10)
場所： 工学部2号館4F 245講義室(部屋番号401-402) 会場が変更になりました。
講師： Richard Sproat, Research Scientist, Google New York
A website for a Google-sponsored event back in April invited attendees to
“Google’s 1st European Doctoral Workshop on Speech Technology, taking place
on 29 & 30 April 2014 at our Google office in London, UK.” Any competent
speaker of English reading this phrase aloud would read “29 & 30 April 2014”
as something like “twenty ninth and thirtieth (of) April, twenty fourteen”,
“1st” as the ordinal number “first”, and “UK” as “u k” (rather than “uck”).
Yet, except perhaps for “UK”, none of the written expressions are found in
any dictionary; speakers must translate these “non-standard words” into
ordinary words as part of their process of converting between text and
speech. Text normalization is the problem of building computational
algorithms that mimic this process — for example as part of a
text-to-speech synthesizer. Since there are many classes of “non-standard
words” — besides dates and times, there are currency amounts, measures,
abbreviations, etc. — building a wide-coverage text normalization system
for a language is labor intensive. For some languages, such as Russian with
its complex inflectional morphology, the process can be especially
In this talk I outline the problem, and give specific examples of why it is
hard, and why large parts of text normalization systems are still
constructed by hand, rather than trained using machine-learning algorithms.
Nevertheless, there are some areas of the problem where machine-learning has
made inroads, and I will discuss some of our own research along those lines.
Richard Sproat, Research Scientist, Google New York
Richard Sproat received his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology in 1985. He has worked at AT&T Bell Labs, at
Lucent’s Bell Labs and at AT&T Labs — Research, before joining the faculty
of the University of Illinois. From there he moved to the Center for Spoken
Language Understanding at the Oregon Health & Science University. In the
Fall of 2012 he moved to Google, New York as a Research Scientist.